History of Photography

the-word-photography-in-dictionary-smallby-Alex-Racanelli

What is Photography? 

The word photography comes from two ancient Greek words: photo, for “light,” and graph, for “drawing.” “Drawing with light” is a way of describing photography. When a photograph is made, light or some other form of radiant energy, such as X rays, is used to record a picture of an object or scene on a light-sensitive surface. Early photographs were called sun pictures, because sunlight itself was used to create the image.    Mankind has been a maker of images at least since the cave paintings of some 20,000 years ago. With the invention of photography, a realistic image that would have taken a skilled artist hours or even days to draw could be recorded in exact detail within a fraction of a second.

Today, photography has become a powerful means of communication and a mode of visual expression that touches human life in many ways. For example, photography has become popular as a means of crystallizing memories.    Most of the billions of photographs taken today are snapshots–casual records to document personal events such as vacations, birthdays, and weddings.

Photographs are used extensively by newspapers, magazines, books, and television to convey information and advertise products and services.    Practical applications of photography are found in nearly every human endeavor from astronomy to medical diagnosis to industrial quality control. Photography extends human vision into the realm of objects that are invisible because they are too small or too distant, or events that occur too rapidly for the naked eye to detect. A camera can be used in locations too dangerous for humans. Photographs can also be objects of art that explore the human condition and provide aesthetic pleasure. For millions of people, photography is a satisfying hobby or a rewarding career.

7 poses you should`nt missed

1

Keep good posture. Unless your photographers tell you to be inspired by those awkward, uncomfortable looking maniquins in the Forever 21 windows, hold yourself confidently and high. You’ll look much taller and thinner if you keep your back straight and your shoulders back. Whatever size you are, hold your stomach in as well if you want to look more toned.

  • Photography that is more avant-garde may shy away from this. If you’re modeling for a photo shoot that is about shunning preconceived concepts, then by all means! Your photographer will probably want you in not-so-true-to-life poses.
2

Think about what you’re doing. It’s important to be aware of exactly how you’re positioning your entire body. Nonverbal communication is all you have to rely on in photos — whatever you do, you’ll be sending a message.

  • As a model you’ll need to look natural — this is where you may need to practice. A key point is to keep your arms and legs relaxed; you don’t keep them straight all the time in normal life, so don’t do it in front of the camera!
3

Communicate with those around you. You’ll feel a lot more comfortable as a model if you build a rapport with your photographer or director. It will make the experience a lot more enjoyable, give you the confidence to introduce your own ideas and ultimately help you with future modelling assignments.

  • In addition to making that project more enjoyable, the staff will be more apt to like you. The more they like you, the more they’ll think of your name when future projects come up. And, possibly, the more they’ll recommend you to another company.
  1. 4

    Hold an “S” shape. Unless directed by the photographer to do otherwise, when standing, put the majority of your body weight on one foot only; this will make your body make a naturally gracious “S” shape.

    • Regardless of your body shape, doing this will simulate more of an hour glass figure. Popping your hip out gives you a curve in just the right place. Think of modelling in curves and angles.
  2. 5

    Leave a space between your arms and your trunk. This will accent your waist in a good way, regardless of its size. When you can, keep your arms separate and slightly flexed.

    • If you put your hands to your sides and your feet together, you’ll feel like one of those dolls from the nutcracker — you won’t feel natural or human. Always use the space around you to create life in the image.

     

  1. 6

    Show the sides of the hand only. Never display the full palm or the back of the hand. This is an old photography go-to that most photographers still swear by.

    • The hands are best viewed at an angle to the camera. Care should be taken to photograph the side of the hand, which gracefully continues the line of the arm when the hand is bent upward at the wrist.
  2. 7

    Practice makes perfect. Research poses in magazines from models you’d like to emulate and practice them at home. When it comes to your next photo shoot you’ll feel a lot more confident. Also, ask for advice from the directors of previous assignments so you know what types of posture and positions make the most of your body.

    • As you get going, you’ll realize what elements of the photo the staff is trying to emphasize. Think of yourself as a machine to display the beauty of the image — you’re there to emphasize the clothes, the makeup, or the feel of the photograph. What can you do to make the picture more cohesive? Take the emphasis off yourself and think of the bigger picture, literally.

    http://www.wikihow.com/Pose-at-a-Photo-Shoot

Useful things in Photography

What things do photographers use?

Cameras of course, still and motion picture types.

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Cameras of course, still and motion picture types film
photographic paper
developing chemicals
light meters
flash strobes
reflective mattes
backgrounds
tripods
lenses
and lately, memory cards for the digital cameras

Checklists For Photographer’s

http://cameradojo.com/2011/06/06/photographers-checklists/imagesPhotographers are human and are therefor prone to making mistakes, however, some mistakes as a photographer can cost you dearly. Fortunately for me, my mistakes have never happened on a paid gig. I have however gone out to shoot nature and landscape shots and realized I didn’t have any compact flash cards once, and didn’t have my tripod another time. Because I this, I have become a slave to checklists and I found that many pro photographers do the same thing. I have put together some of my typical checklists for you to use yourself and modify as needed.

Pre-Shoot Checklist

The pre-shoot checklist is the list i use the day before a shoot. This one covers things like making sure batteries are charged, cleaning equipment, and things like that. Nothing is worse than thinking you are totally prepared and realizing your camera battery is near dead when on location.
Pre-Shoot Checklist

Shoot Day Checklist
The shoot day checklist is the list of things I am taking for a particular shoot. Bodies, lenses, filters, flash, tripod, batteries, etc. This is my basic packing list of things that go into whatever kit I am taking.
Shoot Day Checklist

Location Checklist
There are a LOT of logistics about doing location shooting, especially for architecture shots that must be perfect. This list is a ton of questions to make sure you have the answers to such as parking, access, lighting, people, signage, security, etc.
Location Checklist

Wedding Shot Checklist
A wedding is one of the most stressful types of shoots there is, you simply cannot miss a key shot or get a do-over later if a shot doesn’t work. The second part requires skill and experience, but the first part we can address with this wedding shot checklist. Go over this list with the bride and groom and decide which shots are the must-have’s for their wedding. If you don’t want to always be referring to the list when taking the photos, bring an assistant with the list and a clipboard to make sure all the shots were taken.

20 Fun facts about Photography

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20 FUN FACTS ABOUT PHOTOGRAPHY!

1. The first person who managed to make a “photographic” snapshot constant, that is to fix the image was Joseph Niepce. The very first snapshot in the history of photography is considered “view from the window,” dated 1826. The exposure of the shot lasted 8 Hours.

2. The first person who invented negative was Fox Talbot. This event occurred in 1839. In the same year Hippolyte Bayard presented the first positive print to the world.

3. The first “photographic paper” was made ​​of asphalt. More precisely, asphalt varnish was applied on the copper or the glass plate.

4. Camera Obscura, which became the prototype of the modern camera, is used up to this day for the production of integrated circuits and as a special film camera.

5. The first color photograph was taken in 1861 by James Maxwell, the British physicist.

6. Appearance of the first plates for color photography dated back to 1904, produced by the company “Lumiere”.

7. The first aerial photography was carried out by French inventor Turnache in 1858. He shot Paris from the balloon.

8. The first photos in Russia were made ​by Y.F. Fritzsche using the method of Talbot.

9. The first color photograph in Russia was published in “Memoirs of Russian Technical Society”. Leo Tolstoy is captured on it.

10. They began to retouch photos and make them “color”, which was achieved by coloring in watercolor for the first time in 1840.

11. In Russia, the first camera based on the theory of Daguerreotype was invented by Grekov back in 1840, that is, a year after the invention of photography. Alex Grekov also made experiments with photographs by the method of Talbot on the light-sensitive paper.

12. The first portrait by the electric light was made in 1879 by Levitsky, which required the exposure of 15 seconds.

13. The first cassette – one of the prototypes of modern photographic film – which had 12 sheets of light-sensitive paper, and, respectively, 12 shots, weighed 15 (!) pounds.

14. The basis of a digital camera was invented in 1973. It was a charge-coupled device, with which it was possible to obtain an image size of 100×100 pixels. The first astronomical electronic photo was taken with the help of this device the following year.

15. The story of a digital photo begins with camera Mavica, produced by the company Sony in 1981. Mavica is almost a full SLR with interchangeable lenses and resolution of 570h490 pixels. But then it was considered a “static camera,” the result of which was not the video but static images – shots.

16. Officially the world’s first digital camera is the development of the company Kodak, Stephen CESSON. The invented camera recorded an image on an audio cassette tape. Time of recording images from the moment you press the button was 22 seconds.

17. The term “megapixel” was first used in 1984.

18. The world’s first auto-focus SLR camera was produced by “Polaroid” in 1979, and in 1985 “Minolta” produced a camera that eventually become the standard for SLR cameras.

19. According to statistics, at present, only 2 of 10 images taken with digital cameras are printed on paper.

20. The oldest camera was sold at the auction in Vienna in 2007, setting all-time overall record and having become the most expensive camera ever sold at auction. Rarity called “Daguerrotype Susses Freres” was sold for nearly eight hundred thousand U.S. dollars. The starting price was 100 000 euros.